Fountas and Pinnell tell us that there are three components to reading fluency:
1. Accuracy (also known as automaticity, the person’s ability to read words correctly in a text)
2. Rate (the speed a person reads)
3. Stress, intonation, and pauses
(Fountas & Pinnell, 2009)
To gain a deeper understanding of fluency and how it supports or hinders reading, I recommend the work of Timothy Rasinski.
"It may be helpful to think of reading fluency as a bridge between the two major components of reading – word decoding and comprehension. At one end of this bridge, fluency connects to accuracy and automaticity in decoding. At the other end, fluency connects to comprehension through prosody, or expressive interpretation."Visit Tim Rasinski's website and find a wonderful list of resources!
Building fluency involves decoding and comprehension! We can work on fluency in Reader's Workshop. Some of my favorite resources for helping students with fluency are listed below:
Fry Phrases by Rasinski- These can be on cards or you can find power points that have them on each slide. Students can practice them in pairs or it could be part of a guided reading lesson. They are based on sight words. I have found that the phrases work so much better that just one word.
Readers Theater- This is a great resource. There are many links!
Poetry- This is a lesson with resources. Any fun poem will do!
Songs- I love the idea of using popular songs!
I hope that this sparks your interest in building fluency in fun ways!